Hey, hey Coach Chris here with eigo2020.jp where we fixed English mistakes Japanese people make before the Olympics and beyond. I apologized for my friend. Huh. You did? For what? What did your friend do? And why are you apologizing for them? When you say, “ I apologize for my friend.”, it sounds like your friend did something and they didn’t want to apologize. And you wanted to, for them. Maybe because you’re a nice person. Um, and you just were the replacement. Yeah, yeah, well this could happen, but do you really want to say that? “I apologized to my friend.” So in this case you did something ‘to’ them. Keep this in your mind. So you talked ‘to’ them. Or you spoke ‘to’ them. And now you apologized ‘to’ them. I like the way some Japanese people apologize to me. I know its wrong, but it sounds so nice, such a nice thing. “Moshiwakegozaimasen.” Now if you don’t want to apologize in English, you should… come to Eigo2020.jp where we are creating rapid English training programs. Where you can quickly master English the way you’ve always wanted to. So, subscribe and quickly tap the notification bell at the bottom so you can get all of our videos as soon as they come out. Let’s train for the olympics and beyond and remember, Coach Chris is always with you.
How to use the preposition ‘for’.
The difference between using ‘to’ and ‘for’.
Both are prepositions, which means they come before a noun.
‘for’ is used to express a purpose, and ‘to’ to indicate a destination.
‘to’ has another role. When ‘to’ is followed by an infinitive, it can work as an adjective, adverb or a noun depending on what comes before it in the the sentence.
The ‘to’ we are talking about here is the latter.
In the following examples, both ‘to’ and ‘for’ seem to express a purpose.
However, they are very different in nature.
- I’m going to the sea for swimming.
- I’m going to the sea to swim.
Both are grammatically correct, but in 99% of the cases we would use the “to swim” option.
Because ‘for’ is used only when you are talking about a purpose specific to the action.
It sounds unnatural if you use ‘for’ for purposes that are not specific, like the earlier example.
’the sea’ here is general; salty water area as opposed to a mountain.
Also ’swimming’ is something very general. Activity very common at the sea.
So how do we use ‘for’?
First of all, you have to be talking about something specific and a purpose specific to that something.
With our example, ‘the sea’ has to be a specific place and the purpose has to be specific to the sea we are talking about.
This is the key to using ‘for’ correctly.
- I’m going to Shirahama for their white sand beach.
- I’m going to Enoshima for its Shiruasu rice bowl.
- I’m going to Kujukurihama for the waves.
Here are some examples with explanations of when to use ‘for’ and the difference between ‘to’.
- I’m going to the summer festival for fireworks. (The festival has fireworks, which you are specifically going for. )
- I’m going to the summer festival to see fireworks. (You chose the summer festival as a general place to see fireworks)
- I drink coffee for caffeine.（Caffeine is the only reason you drink coffee. You may not like the taste of coffee.)
- I drink coffee to get caffeine. （General statement with no particular emphasis.)
- I come here for the pancakes. (The pancakes at this place are special)
- I come here to eat pancakes. (You come here for your general action of eating pancakes)
To give a broader look at how ‘for’ makes things specific:
- I cook for you.
- I apologize for breaking your phone.
- The present is for my mother.
- I’m running for president.
You see, the action is done for the specific purpose.
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